A next generation implementation of an artificial cochlea has been developed by researchers at the University of Michigan and Tufts University (both in the USA). The natural cochlea is the sea-shell-shaped structure in the human auditory system that is the final stage in the conversion of air pressure variations (a.k.a. sound waves) into neural impulses that convey the frequency and amplitude information information contained in the sound to the brain for interpretation.
EDN (USA technical magazine) has an article which contains more technical detail and pictures on the advance.
I should point out that this version of the artificial cochlea is not an exact replica in form factor (i.e. shape) or function of a natural cochlea. For instance, the artificial cochlea is planar in shape versus sea-shell-shaped; covers the frequency range of 4200 to 35,000 Hz versus the 20 to 20,000 Hz of the human ear; and isn't continually fine tuned by an external processor to focus on frequency bands of interest, like the human cochlea does when one is, for instance, one's brain is picking out a familiar voice in a cocktail party situation. I mention this not to detract from their excellent work, but instead to give you, curious reader, reasonable expectations as to its specifications and performance.